Sándor Varga sa narodil v roku 1942 v Chotíne. Maturoval v Komárne, neskôr v štúdiu pokračoval v Nitre na Pedagogickom inštitúte v Nitre. Nakoniec však svoje štúdie ukončil na Univerzite Komenského v Bratislave, kde vyštudoval odbor historik-archivár. Už ako študent bol súčasťou niekoľkých mládežníckych organizácii. Prvá mládežnícka organizácia maďarskej mládeže vznikla už v roku 1964, potom čo oficiálne mládežnícke organizácie už nestíhali reagovať na požiadavky maďarskej mládeže Neskôr v roku 1968 došlo k založeniu Maďarského mládežníckého združenia (Magar ifjúsági szövetség). ). Varga bol jedným zo zakladateľov združenia a na krátky čas sa stal aj jeho predsedom. Združenie bolo založené v Bratislave ako priama reakcia na udalosti spojené s príchodom vojsk Varšavskej zmluvy do Československa. Jej cieľom bolo vytvoriť nezávislú organizáciu, ktorá by ochraňovala záujmy a práva maďarskej mládeže Medzi rokmi 1968-1970 pracoval ako tajomník v najväčšej kultúrnej organizácie etnických Maďarov v Československu, v CSEMADOKu. Neskôr, až do Nežnej revolúci pracoval v Slovenskom národnom archíve. V roku 1990 sa stal podpredsedom Slovenskej vlády. Vo vláde zastupoval stranu Maďarskej nezávislej iniciatívy. Iniciatíva zohrala dôležitú úlohu pri páde režimu a úzko spolupracovala so stranou Verejnosť proti násiliu. Bol členom Výboru na ochranu práv maďarské menšiny (1978-1989) ), ktoré úzko spolupracovalo so zahraničnými organizáciami na ochranu ľudských práv. Vroku 1991 založil Dokumentačné stredisko národností (Nemzetiségi dokumentációs centrum). Jeho prvoradým cieľom bola dokumentácie histórie menšín v Československu. Varga celý svoj život neúnavne obhajoval práva maďarskej menšiny a významne sa zaslúžil o uchovanie kultúrného dedičstva maďarskej menšiny. Varga pre svoje aktivity nebol súdený.
- Chotín, Slovakia
Ludvík Vaculík was a writer and columnist. During the Second World War he worked at the Baťa factory in Zlín, studied at a shoemaking school and a business school for foreign trade. After the war he graduated from the Political and Social College. Upon returning from military service, he became editor of Rudé právo (Red Law), and later also worked in Czechoslovak radio. During the 1960s, he attracted attention in the editorial office of the Literární noviny (Literary Newspapers), later renamed Literární listy (Literary Letters) and then Listy (Letters), the most important periodical of the reformed intelligence. He remained at Listy until its ban in 1969.
Ludvik Vaculík was a member of the Communist Party; he joined in 1945. At the first meeting he knew he had made a bad decision. He did not like kind of people he met there, but he did not want to quit because he hoped he would have an influence from within. He did not like the Communist regime abusing the idealism of its supporters. At IV. writers’ congress in 1967 he spoke about the post-war development of Czechoslovakia and he was particularly critical. He declared that "no human question has been resolved in our country in twenty years." After this performance, he was expelled from the party.
In 1968, he wrote he proclamation, "Two Thousand Words". He also became a signatory of Charter 77. After the Prague Spring was suppressed, he was banned from publishing for 20 years. Conservative communists called him a platform for counter-revolution.
Vaculík did not emigrate from Czechoslovakia, but took over the samizdat edition of forbidden literature, Edice Petlice (founded in 1972). For the next two decades, Vaculík was one of the leading dissidents and writers who were officially banned, but their works and ideas spread through samizdat or in foreign editions. After 1989 he continued his creative work. His best-known works include, for example, Český snář (Czech Dream Book) (1981), which is a narrative about life in dissent, or a novel for young people, Morčata (The Guinea-Pigs) (1973), which explores human marginalization. This work has been translated into eleven foreign languages. Český snář deals with everyday experiences of the late '70s, but also increasing pressure from the State Security following the formation of Charter 77, of which Vaculík was a founding member. At the same time, Vaculík wrote highly-valued feuilleurs, one every month. Their readers were predominantly people from dissident circles. Separate editions were published only after 1989 in two collections, Spring is Here and August Year. Vaculík was one of the most persecuted writers in Czechoslovakia. He lost his job and was forbidden from publishing. However, he did not emigrate even after the occupation in 1968.
In 1996 he was awarded the Order of T. G. Masaryk III. class. In 2008, he was awarded the State Prize for Literature, “for his literary and publicist work so far, taking into account the prose piece ‘Hodiny klavíru’ (‘Piano Lessons’)”
- Praha, Prague, Czech Republic
Éva Vadas was a Salesian nun and Bokor member. She entered the Social Mission Society/ Szociális Missziótársulat in 1935. She visited and helped people in hospitals and jails, and she also helped other families and did administrative work. She learned about the aims and principles of Bokor in 1948, and after the dissolution of the convents in 1950, she found the ideas of social responsibility and charity which Bokor represented very close to her own vision. She had to work in a factory. During these years, she organized the communities and helped spread the samizdats of György Bulányi. She was imprisoned from 1952 to 1956. After her release, she remained a member of Bokor up to her death. The collection of the Bokor base community is based on Éva Vadas’ documents. She contributed to the work of the community as a typist. She typed the Bokor samizdats, for example, the issues of Christmas Present /Karácsonyi ajándék (KARAJ).
Birutė Vagrienė is director of the Venclova House-Museum. She is a leader and decision maker, considering the collections and all the material that is held in the collections of the museum.
- Vilnius Pamėnkalnio gatvė 34, Lithuania 01114
Lauri Vahtre (b. 1960) is an Estonian historian, writer and politician. He is active in popularising history.
As a student at the Tartu State University, he was an activist and one of the main members of the Noor-Tartu (Young-Tartu) student movement. In 1983, he was expelled from the university shortly before he would have defended his thesis. His exmatriculation was not directly connected with his activities in Noor-Tartu, as he had distanced himself from the movement for a long time before, with the aim of not causing it trouble. However, his intentions and exmatriculation did not spare the movement, and it was closed by its members in 1984.
Vahtre managed to complete his studies in 1984, however. Later, in 1988, he also gained a candidate degree from the Institute of History of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. From 1989 to 1992, he taught as a senior lecturer at the University of Tartu. He was a member of the Congress of Estonia, and from 1991 to 1992 was a member of the Constitutional Assembly.
- Tallinn , Estonia undefined